Hysterosalpingography (HSG)

Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is an X-ray method of examining the uterus and oviduct using iodine contrast. It is most common in the first half of the menstrual cycle (from 1 to 14 days). The review takes about 30 minutes.


• For the purpose of examining the passage of the cervical canal cavity, the inside of the uterine cavity and the oviduin in women in the process of sterility diagnosis (examination is recommended after analyzes of hormones, spermograms, folliculometry and swabs).

• It can also be used to examine the cause of repeated abortions.

• If you are taking medication that stimulates the formation of ovulation.


• The procedure is done while lying on a gynecological table. The doctor takes a speculum – a metal sterile instrument (in the form of a dagger) and carefully inserts it into the vagina. This procedure is not painful, but it may be unpleasant.

• After that the doctor cleans the cervix and introduces the catheter into the cervical channel. The speculum is removed and the patient is placed under an X-ray machine. The contrast medium is injected into the catheter and slowly the cavity of the uterus and the ova are filled with contrast. Contraceptive injection can cause cramping, and if the tubes are not passable, stretching may occur. When the uterine cavity and the ova are filled with a contrast medium, X-rays are made. Your doctor may ask you to change the position or wait 15-30 minutes to make an adequate X-ray. When the procedure is completed, the catheter is removed.


Very rarely, an allergic reaction to a contrast medium, uterine injuries or infections in the pelvis can occur.


• Tell your doctor if you have an allergy to a contrast agent or renal failure.

• In consultation with the doctor, if necessary, you can start taking pain medication or antibiotic therapy.


• After the inspection you will be able to manage your motor vehicle yourself and you can continue with your usual daily activities.

• It is desirable to come to the check accompanied by a family member or a friend (because examination of some women can cause discomfort).

• You should immediately contact a doctor if: notice that the vaginal secret of an unpleasant smell, vomiting, unconsciousness, severe abdominal pain or cramps, abundant vaginal