Ginecology examination

Gynecologist is a specialist in the reproductive organs diseases of women, pregnancy and childbirth. It is recommended that you perform a gynecological examination once a year (or more often if needed). An overview of a gynecologist begins with anamnesis, that is, a discussion with a patient and a review of the woman’s plaque organs. It takes 30-45 minutes.


• Anamnesis – a discussion with the patient about the reasons for the visit

• Insight into the previous medical documentation (if any).

• Overview of external and internal female genital organs.

• Advice and recommendation for further treatment (if needed) and suggestion of possible additional diagnosis (ultrasound, MRI …).

Gynecological Physical Examination

• Gynecological table is a special table where it is possible to examine the external and internal sex organs of women. Although a gynecological examination for most women is an unpleasant experience, it is recommended that you try to relax.

• The gynecologist first looks at the external organs, their appearance and whether there are some changes on them (eg, blood). Then he takes a speculum – a metal sterile instrument in the form of a dagger that can be opened and carefully introduced into the vagina. This procedure is not painful, but it may be unpleasant.

• After that, he slowly opens the speculum by expanding the walls of the vagina and observing the mucous membrane. With this procedure the cervix becomes visible. All this lasts very short. The doctor extracts the speculum from the vagina and does a bimanual gynecological examination.

• If necessary, the doctor will take swabs, do Papa test and colposcopy.

Bimanual gynecological examination (examination of internal genital organs “with both hands”)

• This review provides information on the position, size and shape of the uterus and adnexa (ovary with the tubes).

• The gynecologist enters the vagina with the index finger and middle finger, while the other part simultaneously presses the lower part of the abdominal wall from the outside. In this way, he uses the uterus and adnexa and checks if any of these procedures are hurtful for the patient. And this part of the review runs briefly.


• Schedule a gynecological examination between the period of menstrual bleeding.

• Do not use vaginal therapy (vaginal and vaginal creams) for at least 24 hours prior to examination.

• Restrain from sexual intercourse for 24 to 48 hours before review.

• As your filled bladder does not create a feeling of discomfort, it is recommended to use the bathroom immediately before the examination itself.